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Explain about stress :

Stress usually refers to the psychological perception of pressure and body’s response to it. We feel stressed if anything happens suddenly or everything becomes overloaded. Stress is a challenge or threat to our well being. In our body the autonomic nervous system and hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis are two major systems that respond to stress. The central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) plays a crucial role in stress-related mechanisms. Causes or feel of stress differs from person to person like some experience headache, anger, depressed and others may have digestive problems and sleeplessness. Some people face and cope with stress more effectively which minimises stress effects and improves performance. Stress affects our body, mood and behaviour. Stress may be acute stress, episodic stress and chronic stress.

Causes and effects of stress on human being :

Causes of stress– Stress is caused by any stressful situations or events. Some causes of stress are
Personal problems– Problems like health issues, emotional problems, life changes, problems in relationship, arguments, bereavement, divorce and injuries plays major role in stress.
Financial problems– Loss of job and financial crisis also plays crucial role in developing stress.
Work and Social problems– Problems like insecurity of job, uncomfortable work place, heavy workload, harassment at work, thinking of promotion, misunderstandings with co workers, and long working hours are some of the work related stress usually people face.

Problems like pollution, overcrowding, traffic, environment change, responsibility increase and noisy neighbours are some of the social problems people face.

Effects of stress :

Stress effects our body, mind and behaviour. Stress if left untreated causes many health problems like high blood pressure, heart attack, obesity and diabetes. Common effects of stress are

  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Sadness/depression
  • Sleeplessness
  • Lack of concentration
  • Difficulty making decision
  • Breathing problems
  • Weakness/tiredness
  • Anger, irritability
  • Social withdrawal
  • Neck, back and muscle pain
  • Anxiety
  • Abnormal heartbeat and heart diseases
  • Weight gain or weight loss
  • Fertility problems
  • Digestion problems
  • Faintness/dizziness
  • Sweating/ cold or sweaty hands or feet
  • Nervousness or guilty
  • Reduced work efficiency or productivity

Stress also affects our immune system which leads to frequent infections and certain cancers. Stress has direct affects on skin and can contribute to insomnia.

Tips to manage stress :

Stress affects every aspect of life, so stress management is necessary for maintaining both physical and emotional health. Some tips to manage stress are

  • Exercise daily
  • Eat well balanced meal
  • Practice relaxation techniques like deep breath, meditation and yoga
  • Relax your muscles by stretching and massage
  • Take deep breaths
  • Get enough sleep
  • Limit alcohol and caffeine consumption
  • Make time for yourself and hobbies
  • Share or talk to your friends and family about your problems
  • Maintain positive attitude
  • Know what triggers your stress
  • Cultivate a sense of humor
  • Make a list of important things you need to do each day
  • Consult your doctor and take suggestions

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