What is Migraine?
If you are facing sever piercing and recurrent headache mostly on one side, then it may be due to migraine. The pain may last for hours to days depending on the severity. Migraine pain is mainly caused due to changes within the brain and is treated as neurological disorder. Along with headache, migraine also leads to other health problems like constipation, problem in eyes, neck pain, depression, weakness and so on. People with migraine may become sensitive to loud noises, strong odours and also light may increase the severity of pain. People before migraine attack face few early symptoms like vomiting, constipation, neck stiffness, blind spots, blurred or double vision, tingling, balance problems, problem with speaking, confusion and so on. These symptoms of migraine differ depending on the severity of migraine attack and type of migraine. Migraine affects individual’s entire lifestyle i.e. physically, mentally and even emotionally.
Migraine is classified into different types based on the symptoms and condition like
- Migraine with aura
- Migraine without aura
- Basilar migraine
- Hemiplegic migraine
- Vestibular migraine
- Ophthalmology migraine
- Aura without headache
Among these most commonly seen types are migraine with aura and migraine without aura.
What are the main reasons of headache and migraine?
Headache is commonly seen in each and every person, it may be caused due to factors like stress, heavy work load, loud noise, lifestyle, lack of sleep, hypertension, exposure to sun light for longer periods, weather changes, excess consumption of alcohol, dehydration, infections and so on. Where as the exact causes of migraine headache is not yet known and abnormal changes in the veins, nerves and chemicals in the brain is suspected to be the cause. Factors like changes in weather, high stress, hormonal changes, few foods, excess intake of caffeine products and alcohol, family history, allergies and several other are said to trigger migraine attack. Exposure to loud noises, bright light and strong odours can also trigger migraine attack in people with migraine. Genetics is also said to trigger the risk of migraine disorders. Few other factors like skipping meals, starving and dehydration can also raise the symptoms of migraine among few people.
Difference between headache and migraine
Though both headache and migraine look alike, there is a huge difference among headache and migraine. The main difference between a normal headache and migraine headache is the severity of pain. People with general headaches have mild to severe pain in head which may last for hours, where as people with migraine have severe throbbing and piercing pain which may last from hours to days. People with migraine headache experience pain mostly in one side of the head and also said that a little physical movement also worsens the pain.
People facing general headaches may not experience any other additional symptoms with headache, where as in people with migraine other symptoms like constipation, fatigue, weakness and sensitivity to light, sound, noise are also seen along with severe headache.