Several skin ailments like whiteheads, blackheads, pimples and others come under acne. Acne is a broad term used to define several chronic and inflammatory skin problems. These are mainly generated when your skin pores gets clogged with dead skin cells, oil and bacteria and mostly seen in areas like face, forehead, shoulders, neck, chest, upper back and upper arms. It is a common problem, as almost every one come across in their life time and is one of the common teenagers health problems. Though it is not a serious or life threatening disease, but it can take a toll on individual’s emotional health. Acne is one of the major causes for emotional distress. Severe acne on face affects self esteem, increases stress and leads to depression.
Several factors can aggravate acne problems few common acne causes include hormonal imbalance, stress, unhealthy or greasy diet, hereditary factors, using chemical beauty products, bacteria and so on. When compared, women are more likely to face acne problems than men. Depending on the severity of the condition, it affects individuals in several ways. Acne is measured and divided into different grades based on the severity like
Grade 1– In this people exhibit mild form of open comedones, like whiteheads, blackheads, and small signs of pimples.
Grade 2– Under this people have moderate acne with open and closed comedones and papulopustules which are sensitive to touch.
Grade 3– Under this people experience inflammation and pustular acne.
Grade 4– This is the most severe form. Individual’s skin gets filled with nodules, cysts, papules and pustules. There is a possibility that the acne may also spread to other areas. This case may also lead to scarring and need immediate treatment.
Types of acne
Acne is mainly classified into two types. The two types of acne are non inflammatory acne and inflammatory acne.
Non inflammatory acne– Acne which does not cause any swelling is termed as non inflammatory acne. This type of acne includes whiteheads and blackheads. Blackheads are open comedones i.e. the top of the pore stays opened, whereas whiteheads are the closed comedones, in this type the pores are clogged by dead skin cells and sebum and most importantly the tops of pores remains closed. These are generally the mild type of acne.
Inflammatory acne– As name suggests, these causes inflammation or swelling on the skin. These are the results of bacterial infections. Bacteria named Propionibacterium or P. Acnes bacteria can cause this type of acne and this type of acne is more difficult to treat. This type of acne includes papules, pustules, nodules and cysts.
Precautions need to taken
Most of the people wonder as how to avoid acne? One can control and eliminate acne problems by following few skin care tips like
- Wash your face twice daily with mild cleanser and maintain hygiene
- Stop picking pimples as it may lead to scarring.
- Avoid using irritants or chemical based cosmetics. Choose the mild and most suitable products.
- Avoid excess exposure to sun and use sunscreen lotions
- Use oil free products to avoid clogging of pores