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Diabetes mellitus (DM) is commonly referred as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases (metabolism disorder) in which people suffer with high sugar levels for a long period. Symptoms of high sugar include frequent urination (polyuria), increased thirst, and increased appetite. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. Controlling diabetes is very crucial, if left untreated, it can lead to several complications like weight loss, kidney failure, vision disorders, teeth problems and so on.

Types of Diabetes :

  • Type 1 diabetes( pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin)
  • Type 2 diabetes (body cells fail to respond to insulin produced properly)
  • Gestational diabetes (diabetes in female during pregnancy)
  • Genetic defects

The basic and main cause of Diabetes is defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both, which indeed leads to a condition in which the quantity of glucose in the body is high. This excess glucose passes out of the body in urine. As the body is not responding to the insulin properly the cells are not getting it for their essential energy and growth requirements.
There is no known preventive measure for diabetes, but it can be controlled by Exercise, Eliminate grains and sugars, diet, controlling body weight,  Limiting sugary beverages and eating less red meat and other sources of saturated fat can also help to reduce diabetes.

Symptoms of Diabetes :

  • Hunger and fatigue
  • Dry mouth and itchy skin
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Yeast infections
  • Slow-healing sores or cuts
  • Pain or numbness in feet or legs
  • Weight loss
  • Nausea and vomiting.

Measuring your sugar levels regularly is important in order to keep a dangerous increase or decrease under control. Most cases of diabetes are mild and are not considered medical emergencies, as the effect can range from feelings of unease, sweating, trembling, and increased appetite in mild cases, such cases can be self-treated by eating or drinking something high in sugar. Severe cases can lead to unconsciousness and must be treated with intravenous glucose or injections with glucagon.

If diabetes is not treated properly it may lead to long-term damage, dysfunction, and failure of various organs, especially the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, foot ulcers, sexual dysfunction, hypertension, hearing problems, gum diseases, skin infections. Vitamin D which we get from exposure to sun is useful for diabetic patients. Active participating in the treatment is important for patients as the complications are less severe in people who have well-managed sugar levels. Homoeopathy can be used effectively in the treatment of diabetes as it mainly concentrates on functioning of the pancreas in efficient insulin production.

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