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Thyroid is an endocrine gland in the neck, it is a spongy butterfly shaped gland that produces hormones. Hormones produced by thyroid gland are called as thyroid children. These thyroid hormones control metabolism and protein synthesis in the body. Thyroid hormones affect many activities of the metabolic process in the body including how fast you burn calories, rate of heart beat, growth and development. Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) are the two hormones developed by thyroid gland using iodine from the food we eat. These two thyroid hormones are controlled by two glands in the brain named hypothalamus and the pituitary gland. Dysfunction of thyroid gland is treated as thyroid disorder. Thyroid disorder mainly involves abnormal production of hormones or thyroid hormones. Thyroid disorders affect all age groups including children. Both men and women get affected by thyroid disorders.

There are many types of thyroid problems but most commonly seen in many are hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, goiter and thyroid cancer. Some people may face problems like inflamed thyroid and nodules in thyroid. Hereditary, iodine deficiency, pituitary gland malfunctions and graves diseases are few factors which lead to thyroid disorders in many people. Symptoms of thyroid are different in different individuals.

Symptoms of Thyroid in Men :

Common symptoms of thyroid disorders mostly seen in men are
Symptoms of hypothyroidism in men include

  • Hair loss
  • Fatigue
  • Sever weight gain
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Constipation
  • low heart rate
  • memory loss
  • joint pain
  • swelling in face

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism in Men are :

  • weight loss
  • hair loss
  • anxiety
  • weakness
  • fatigue
  • insomnia
  • High heart rate
  • Trembling in hands and feet
  • Increased appetite

Some other symptoms include difficulty during breathing and swallowing, hoarseness, throat tightening and cough.

Symptoms of Thyroid in Women :

Women are at an increased rate of risk developing thyroid disorders
Symptoms of hypothyroidism in women

  • Constipation
  • Weakness
  • Hair thinning
  • Weight gain
  • Puffy face
  • Menstrual problems
  • Muscle weakness
  • Depression
  • Low heart rate

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism in Women are :

  • Weight loss
  • Increased appetite
  • Anxiety and nervousness
  • Sleeping problems
  • Diarrhea
  • Trembling in hands and feet
  • Low menstrual periods
  • Sweating
  • Abnormal heart rate

Thyroid disorders in women also lead to infertility, hormonal imbalance, cardiovascular diseases, increased cholesterol levels, memory problems and depression.

Symptoms of Thyroid in Children :

Thyroid disorders in children are less frequent when compared to elders. Hereditary, genetical disorders, lack of iodine and some treatments lead to thyroid disorders in children. Thyroid disorders in children can lead to growth and development disorders, if left untreated may lead to complications.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism in children are

  • Slower growth
  • Feeling sleepy or sleeping more
  • Delayed puberty
  • Weakness
  • Vision problems
  • Symptoms of hyperthyroidism in children are
  • Lack of attention
  • Poor memory
  • Hypertension
  • Sleeplessness
  • Hair loss
  • Lack of emotional stability.

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