Hepatitis disorder, as we all know it is the inflammation of liver tissues. Our liver performs several crucial functions in our body like producing bile, filters and removes toxins from our body, stores vitamins, minerals and glycogen and so on. All the above functions of liver gets disrupted due to Hepatitis and leads to several health issues. Hepatitis adversely affects liver health and leads to complications like liver damage, liver cancer and cirrhosis (irreversible scaring of liver). In this article let us learn about the overview, types and also about the tips to avoid hepatitis problem.
- Hepatitis can be both acute and chronic and is caused due to several factors like infections (caused due to virus, bacteria, fungus and other parasites) and other factors like excess alcohol intake and immune system disorders.
- Autoimmune hepatitis is a condition where our own immune system attacks liver tissues and it is more commonly seen in women than in men.
- Few people with hepatitis may not have any symptoms, but others might experience symptoms like fatigue, loss of appetite, fever, body ache, dark colored urine, stomach pain, jaundice and so on.
- In few cases acute hepatitis gets resolved on its own and in severe cases it leads to chronic hepatitis.
- In long run, if not diagnosed properly or in severe cases chronic hepatitis leads to liver failure.
- People with chronic hepatitis do not experience any early symptoms until your liver stops working or gets damaged.
- Hepatitis is easily transmitted from one person to another through contaminated food, intercourse, contact with infected body fluids and so on.
Types of Hepatitis
Hepatitis is classified into two types namely infectious and non infectious. Viral infection hepatitis is classified into different types like
- Hepatitis A– Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is the main culprit for hepatitis A and is transmitted through contaminated food and water. It is an acute disorder and people can easily recover from it.
- Hepatitis B– This type is caused due to hepatitis B virus (HBV). Contact with body fluids which are containing or infected with HBV can cause Hepatitis B. Sharing things with infected person can trigger the risk of hepatitis B. This type can further become chronic in long run and lead to liver damage.
- Hepatitis C– This type gets transmitted when a non infected person comes in contact with infected person’s body fluids. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) can cause this type of hepatitis. People with this type face long term infections.
- Hepatitis D– This disease is caused due to hepatitis D virus (HDV). It is transmitted from mother to the child and also through intercourse with infected person.
- Hepatitis E– It is a water borne disease caused due to hepatitis E virus (HEV). It usually spreads through consuming contaminated water and food.
Other types of non infectious hepatitis are caused due to factors like excess alcohol consumption, excess usage of therapies, auto immune disorders and so on.
How to avoid Hepatitis?
Individuals can avoid Hepatitis, by following few safety tips like
- Maintaining hygiene and washing your hands frequently
- Avoiding contact with infected persons, their body fluids, faces and so on.
- Practicing safe and protected intercourse
- Avoid sharing things with infected persons.
- Getting vaccinated before traveling to areas where these disorders are common.
- Avoid consuming raw or under cooked meat and vegetables.