Though both cardiac arrest and heart attack are used interchangeably and look alike, there is a huge difference between them. People usually misunderstands symptoms of heart attack like chest pain, headache, fatigue, tiredness and others as cardiac arrest, hence knowing the difference between cardiac arrest vs heart attack and how does they affect us is very crucial in order to save a life. Below let us quickly learn what exactly are cardiac arrest and heart attack? Their symptoms and most importantly the difference between these two.
Cardiac attack is a condition where heart does not pump well, it stops beating, whereas heart attack is a condition where circulation to the heart is restricted due to the blockage in the artery. Here are few facts about both the conditions along with their symptoms.
- Cardiac arrest– This is a condition raised due to hearts electric malfunctioning. In this condition the heart stops beating suddenly due to which the circulation to the brain and other organs stops. This is an emergency condition, where death may also occur if the individual does not receive proper treatment within few minutes. Causes of cardiac attack may include heart attack, coronary heart diseases, congenital heart diseases and so on.
- Heart attack– This is a condition raised due to blockage in the coronary artery, due to which part of the heart do not get any circulation and begin to die. This blockage is due to buildup of plaque inside the artery. Heart attack is said to be a cause of cardiac arrest, as it leads to abnormal heart rhythm. Risk factors of heart attack include high cholesterol, smoking, excess alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and so on.
Cardiac arrest vs heart attack
As discussed earlier most of the people use these words for single purpose i.e. when they have pain in chest, but there is a huge difference starting from causes, symptoms and others.
Cardiac attack is a condition where the
heart stops beating forever due to
electric malfunctioning in the heart.
Heart attack is a condition where the
heart does not stop beating but the
circulation to the heart gets blocked due
to build up of plaque in the arteries.
People with this condition do not have
any pre symptoms i.e. there are no pre
cardiac arrest symptoms. As soon as
the attack occurs individuals falls
unconscious, faces breathlessness,
their face turns into blue color and if
timely treatment is not provided, they
Heart attack symptoms include pain
and discomfort in chest, arm, upper
abdomen and so on. These symptoms generally begin slowly and may persist
for days to weeks before the attack.
Individuals heart stops beating then and
there and the person may also die if
emergency assistance is not provided.
Heart beating does not stop in this
condition, whereas, the longer you
delay the treatment the greater risk and
Both cardiac arrest and heart attack are emergency conditions and they should be treated immediately. Cardiac arrest is reversible in few people if timely treatment is provided, one should also give CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) immediately to the affected person until he receives treatment. Even though the symptoms of heart attack start slowly, one should not neglect symptoms like chest and shoulder especially left shoulder pain along with sweating and others. Early treatment is very crucial to avoid further complications.