Jaundice Skin Problems

Do you know the major causes of jaundice?

Need to know about Symptoms, Treatment, Types, and Causes of Jaundice

Are your skin and whites of your eyes turning yellow along with other symptoms like dark-colored urine and itchy skin then it can be due to a condition called jaundice. It can affect people of all age groups and is most commonly seen in newborn babies. Here in this article let us discuss in detail jaundice, why it happens, what are the major causes of jaundice, and also ways to avoid it.

What is jaundice?

Jaundice which is also called Icterus is a condition raised due to excess buildup of bilirubin in body fluids and tissues. Bilirubin is a yellow-orange-colored pigment that is present in our RBCs. When these RBCs die, the liver metabolizes it, and then it gets combined with bile and excretes from the body through feces and urine. If this process gets obstructed due to any health condition or if the liver fails to metabolize bilirubin, then it leads to an excess build of bilirubin. This excess buildup of bilirubin leads to jaundice. When this bilirubin leaks into the surrounding tissues, then the skin and whites of your eyes turn into a yellow color which is the major symptom of jaundice. People suffering from jaundice along with yellowing of skin and whites of eyes also experience other symptoms like dark-colored urine, itchy skin, pale stools, and yellowing of mucous membranes in the mouth and nose. Few people also experience other jaundice symptoms like fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, and others.

jaundice treatment

As discussed earlier jaundice is very common among newborn babies, around 60% to 70% of babies face this newborn jaundice. If not treated properly, excess bilirubin levels in the newborn may lead to a severe complication called Kernicterus (brain damage).

There are 3 major types of jaundice depending on its causes like

  1. Hepatocellular jaundice (caused due to liver diseases)
  2. Hemolytic jaundice (caused due to hemolysis)
  3. Obstructive jaundice (caused due to inflamed or blocked bile duct)

Major causes of jaundice

Jaundice can be caused due to several health conditions, here are few common jaundice causes

  • Hepatitis
  • Damaged liver due to liver cancer and alcoholic liver disease (Cirrhosis)
  • Inflamed or blocked bile duct due to gallstones and cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Gilbert’s syndrome
  • Cholestasis
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Few suggestions

In few rare cases, jaundice can also be caused due to Crigler- Najjar syndrome, Dubin- Johnson, and Pseudo jaundice.

How to avoid it?

Jaundice is not caused due to a particular cause and several health conditions can lead to it, hence there is no particular way to avoid jaundice. But, here are few ways measures that can help to avoid your risk of jaundice

  • Avoiding excess consumption of alcohol than the recommended amount.
  • Having a healthy and balanced diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Maintaining a healthy weight and controlling cholesterol
  • Getting Hepatitis vaccine
  • Avoiding over usage of few medications
  • Maintaining hygiene and avoiding consumption of contaminated water and food
Health Tips Skin Problems Winter

How to Avoid Harsh Winter Effects on Skin?

Medication to overcome skin problems in winter

With the arrival of winter, your skin becomes dull, dry, loses its moisture and glow. Skin problems are very common in winter and to eliminate them your skin needs extra care and attention. Winter also triggers several skin disorders like skin rashes, psoriasis, flaking, dry skin, and others. Younger-looking, flawless and healthy skin is a dream of most people but due to severe harsh winter effects on the skin, it loses its glow and becomes dull.

Winter effects on skin

Harsh Winter effects on skin

Winter weather has severe effects on the skin. In winter, the weather is cold and dry. The cold and dry wind in winters steals moisture from your skin and makes it dry, flaky, itchy, and irritating. Winter weather is very harsh to your skin and leads to skin problems. In winter the humidity levels drop, due to which more moisture is lost from the skin and can even lead to aging. Using indoor heaters in winters to get away from cold also affects your skin badly. In winter, your skin pores shrink due to cold wind, and due to which the circulation also decreases. Due to lack of circulation, the production of sebum i.e. natural oil of the skin turns down and leads to skin dryness.

Why skin become dry?

In winter several factors make your skin dry like

  • Exposure to the cold wind– This makes your skin dry by stealing moisture from the skin
  • Using heaters– Most people use heaters to keep themselves warm, but heaters also dry out your skin. Instead, you can opt for humidifiers.
  • Excess intake of caffeinated drinks– These drinks make you dehydrated and increase the risk of dry skin.
  • Drinking less water– In winter people do not drink adequate water and this makes you more prone to dehydration and leads to skin dryness.
  • Using hot water for a shower– Many people use hot water for a shower in winter. Using hot water for a shower or staying longer in hot water makes your skin dry by removing natural oils from the skin.
  • Harsh soaps– Usage of harsh chemical soaps make your skin drier in winters. Go for mild soaps instead.

How to protect our skin from Harsh Winter?

Protecting your skin from the cold and dry wind of winters is a must. Here are few winter skin care tips which help to improve your skin health and protect you from winter effects

  • Moisturize your skin frequently to restore the moisture lost.
  • Stay hydrated and eat a healthy diet to keep your skin moist and soft.
  • Include fresh fruits and vegetables, fish, sprouts, and others in your diet.
  • Do not forget to apply sunscreen before going out under the sun.
  • Don’t be a clean freak, frequent washing in winters can ward off natural oils from the skin
  • Don’t be lazy and do not forget to apply night cream, this keeps your skin soft.
  • Always cover your skin before going out to protect yourself from the harsh and dry winter wind.
Health Tips Skin Problems Winter

How to Deal with Oily Skin in Winter?

Remedy to get rid of Oily Skin in Winter

Winter effects on Oily skin

With the arrival of winter, there come several health problems like cold, flu, low immunity, hair loss, dandruff problems, and also most importantly skin problems. Winter is the hardest season for your skin, whether it is dry skin or oily skin. Most people with oily skin believe that in the winter season due to dry weather they may face fewer oil problems. Though this is true to some extent, you will still face oily skin problems. Even in winters people with oily skin still face greasy feelings and shiny patches on their faces. Skincare is important in winter cold weather and you need to take special care of your skin. Skin becomes dry in winter and this increases the risk of psoriasis symptoms in people with psoriasis. With the help of proper care, you can keep your skin healthy and oil-free. People who have a combination of oily skin find it more difficult in the winter season and also face excess oil problems due to the moisturizers they use.

Winter Care for Oily Skin

How to protect Oily skin

Here are few winter care tips which help to protect your oily skin in winter

  • Choose the right moisturizers– In winters it is important to use oil-free moisturizers. Using vitamin E-rich skin products is also very crucial, as they help to improve your skin. People with oily skin wash their face frequently to get relief from oil, but applying moisturizers after washing helps to balance oil in your face.
  • Exfoliate your skin– Regularly cleaning and exfoliating your skin helps to improve your skin health. By exfoliating your skin, you can remove dirt, clear blocked pores, and also remove excess oil problems.
  • Avoid oil-based beauty products– Avoid using oil-based and high alcoholic based beauty products. Instead, you can prefer water-based products.
  • Do not forget sunscreen– Use water-based sunscreen, to protect your skin from the winter sun. By using sunscreen, you can protect your skin from wrinkles, skin cancer, and others.

Ways to avoid winter effects

People can avoid winter effects by following a healthy diet and other skincare tips. Here are few winter care tips for oily skin for both men and women

  • Take a healthy diet in winter, as it improves your skin and overall health. Add fresh fruits and vegetables to your diet to keep your skin healthy.
  • Drink plenty of water and fresh fruit juices to be hydrated. It also helps to throw toxins from your body and skin.
  • Try and cover your body by wearing full clothes, as it protects your skin from cold wind.
  • Do not take hot water showers and stay longer in hot water, as it makes your skin drier.
  • Add vitamin A and vitamin E-rich foods to your diet in winter. This helps to improve your skin health.
  • Do not choose chemical-based moisturizers, instead, you can use natural moisturizers like butter, oil, and others.
  • Avoid using excess makeup and beauty products in winter, as it clogs your pores and increases skin problems.
  • Use water-based cleansers and wash your face frequently and apply moisturizer.