If you spot yellow or white flakes on your scalp and shoulders along with itching, then it can be due to dandruff. Dandruff is a condition where dead skin cells on the scalp are shed rapidly. It is a common yet embarrassing scalp problem faced by most of the people now days due to several factors like dry scalp, usage of chemical shampoos, weather change, pollution, eczema and psoriasis. Both men and women get affected with dandruff and it is also seen in children. Type of dandruff seen in children is called as cradle cap. Dandruff is also known as seborrheic dermatitis and it is again a common winter hair problem. Though dandruff is not contagious, but it can lead to problems like hair loss, depression, low self esteem and so on. People with dandruff face symptoms like itching, flaking, redness and white colored flakes on head and shoulders.
What causes dandruff?
The exact reason to pin point behind dandruff is difficult, but it is believed that several factors can flare up dandruff problems. Here are few common dandruff causes
- Not maintaining hygiene or not shampooing frequently
- Oily and irritated scalp and skin
- Yeast infection due to malassezia
- Allergies or skin infections
- Excess usage of chemical based shampoos
- Scalp psoriasis
- Not brushing your hair regularly
- Unhealthy diet
- Hormonal imbalance
Along with the above causes several other factors also triggers dandruff like aging, stress, hereditary, vitamin D deficiency, immunity disorders, weather changes, exposure to pollution, cold, wind and also excess usage of chemical based gels and sprays.
Effects of dandruff on hair and face
Affects of dandruff are not just limited to your scalp, it also affects your face and other areas. The effects of dandruff on face can be discomforting and can also lead to low self esteem. It spread on to your face and affects eye brows, eye lashes, corner sides of chin and nose. In most of the cases the T-zone i.e. the area between your eyebrows gets affected. Dandruff affects both dry and oily skin types. Due to the dandruff infection your skin gets inflamed and few also face itchy pimples. If you have oily skin, your skin gets reddish and greasy and if your skin type is dry, then you may experience scales on your skin. This dandruff can even spread and affect other areas like hair line, chest, neck and upper back.
Is it a series issue?
In general dandruff is not a serious issue and it can be treated. Though dandruff leads to few discomforts like itching, flaking and others, it does not lead to any serious or chronic health issues.
“How to get rid of dandruff?” this is the most common question among people suffering with dandruff. One can control dandruff problems by following healthy tips to remove dandruff.
One should consult a specialist if the dandruff is worsening or spreading to other areas even after maintain hygiene and taking proper care.